No. 276

The Tenderness of Shiva
Existential experiences of the Tamil divine singer Manikkavasagar according to the collection of his holy songs Tiruvasagam[i]

No. 276 (2020)

By

Edmund Weber

In the Tiruvasagam[i], which are his songs in honour of Shiva, the Tamil singer Manikkavasagar (born about 800 A.D.) praises the miracle of his completely undeserved salvation from karmic illusion which he owes to his divine Father and Lord Shiva, the kind, friend and blessing-bringer.[ii] „No. 276“ weiterlesen

No. 275

John Calvin – a pioneer of the spirit of capitalism?
An Essay

No. 275 (2020)

by Edmund Weber

Abstract

The thesis John Calvin (1509-1564) was the religious initiator of modern capitalist mentality is inconsistent with his teaching; just the opposite is true. Calvin represented a very traditional i.e. non- or even ant-capitalist socio-economic position. There one does not find on his doctrine what could have fostered and prepared a so-called spirit of capitalism.

Keywords: John Calvin this-sided and other-sided predestination spirit of capitalism „No. 275“ weiterlesen

No. 274

Byzantium and the pre-Islamic Arabs: 
a selection of religious, hagiographical and ecclesiastical sources

No. 274 (2020)

by Maria Vaiou

I dedicate this work to my father, Apostolos Vaiou, who died last year.

Hagiographies, martyrologies (Byzantine, Latin, Coptic, Syriac)

Acts of martyrs=G. Hoffmann, Auszüge aus den syrischen Akten persischer Märtyrer übersetzt und durch Untersuchungen zur historischen Topographie erläutert (Leipzig, 1880). „No. 274“ weiterlesen

No. 273

Die Geschichte des Wüstenarabers (A‛rābī) und seiner Frau:
Eine Maṯnawī-Geschichte über die seelische Reise und das Verhältnis von Vernunft und Seele

Nr. 273 (2020)

Von Dilek Güldütuna

Abstract

Die wesentliche Glaubenslehre des Islam ist das Bekenntnis der Einheit Gottes (Tawḥīd). Jalāluddīn Rūmī (g. 1273) erzählt in einer der längsten Geschichten seiner Maṯnawī die geistige Entwicklung des Menschen, bis er von Zwiespalt, Zweifel und Sorge befreit wird und so Tawḥīd, d.h. Einheit und Frieden in sich erreicht. Die Geschichte des Wüstenarabers (A‛rābī) und seiner Frau, welche in diesem Artikel behandelt wird, legt die Stufen der geistigen „No. 273“ weiterlesen

No. 272

A selected bibliography on Arab-Byzantine, Byzantine and Islamic coinage

No. 272 (2020)

By Maria Vaiou

  1. ‘Adawi, ‘Jerusalem, Umm Tuba’, ESI 126 (2014).
  2. V. Akopyan, F. Mosanef, ‘On the earliest coins struck at Ardabīl in the Islamic period’, JONS 203 (Spring 2010), 6-8.
  3. Album, ‘Seventh century–Part I: Islamic conquerors adapted local Byzantine coinage’, The Celator 2.4 (April 1988), pp. I, VI, XV, XVII; 2, no. 7 (July 1988).

_____, Checklist of Islamic coins, 3rd  ed. (Santa Rosa, 2011). „No. 272“ weiterlesen

No. 271

Hessen Eyaletinde DİTİB´in sorumluluğunda inanca dayalı İslam Din Dersi okutulmasına son verilmesi ve sürece dair düşünceler

No. 271 (2020)

By Fuat Kurt & Dr. Hüseyin Kurt²

Geçtiğmiz günlerde Hessen Eyaleti Eğitim Bakanlığını, 2013-14 ders yılından itibaren DİTİB Hessen Eyalet Birliği´nin sorumluluğunda Hessen eyaletindeki okullarda okutulmakta olan Almanya anayasasının 7.3. maddesine uygun inanca dayalı İslam dindersinin okutulmasına tek taraflı son vermiştir. „No. 271“ weiterlesen

No. 270

Byzantium and the pre-Islamic Arabs:
a preliminary bibliography

No. 270 (2020)

By Maria Vaiou

 I.‘Abbās, Ta’rīkh Bilād al-Shām min qabla l-Islām ḥattā bidāyat al-‘aṣr al-umawī, 600661 (Amman, 1990).

Kh. Abd el-Badea Radwan Mahmoud, ‘Tanukhs in Syria and their relationship with the Roman empire between the third and seventh centuries’, in A. al-Helabi, et al., Arabia, Greece and Byzantium. Cultural contacts in ancient and medieval times. Proceedings of the International symposium on the historical relations between Arabia, the Greek and Byzantine world (5th c.BC‒10thc. AD), vol.ii (Riyadh, 2012). 404 „No. 270“ weiterlesen

No. 268

INTER-RELIGIOUS DIALOGUE: AN EXPLORATION

No. 268 (2020)

By Dharam Singh

I

The entire humankind wishes that peace prevails in the world, but, as a theologian[i] has said, peace can prevail in the world only if there is peace among religions.   This argument implies that for peace to prevail there must be dialogue – greater and meaningful – among different religions and an investigation of their foundations.  Dialogue among different religions of the „No. 268“ weiterlesen

No. 267

Omkāra to Ek Onkāra

No. 267 (2020)

By Pradyumna Shah Singh[1]

  1. Introduction:

I feel delighted to present this paper ‘Omkāra to Ek Onkāra’ on the august occasion of 550th birth anniversary (Prakāśotsava) of Guru Nanak Dev Ji before august assembly of scholars in the Department of Theology, Goethe University, Frankfurt (Germany). At the outset, it is necessary to say that the Om is eternal entity exists for ever even after universal devastation. Onkāra reveals formless (nirākāra) God. Nirākāra means not visible (śūnya) but „No. 267“ weiterlesen